In Arthur Millerâ€™s famous play, â€˜Death of A Salesman,â€ Willie Lohman spends his whole adult life searching for status and recognition from others. For Willie, life is all about how many people admire and respect him, the measure of which is how many people will turn out for his funeral. â€œWhen I die,â€ he says to his son Biff, â€œthere will be hundreds of people at my funeral.â€ â€œDad,â€ Biff replies, â€œyou donâ€™t have to do this.â€
The final scene of the play takes place in a funeral home. Itâ€™s Willieâ€™s funeral and thereâ€™s only a handful of people present. The casket is open and Willieâ€™s wife comes forward and places a few flowers in it. She says, â€œI made the last payment on the house today, Willie.â€ And then she turns to her son Biff and says, â€œYou know, all he needed was just a little more salary.â€ To which Biff replies, â€œNah, he never knew who he was.â€
Now thereâ€™s a sad epitaph for a life. Howâ€™d you like that on your tombstone? â€œHe never knew who he was.â€
â€œDo you know who you are?â€ Itâ€™s a question of â€˜identity.â€™ And itâ€™s an issue that a lot of people seem to be struggling with these days. Weâ€™re confused about our â€˜national identity,â€™ â€˜political identity,â€™ â€˜racial identity,â€™ â€˜gender identity,â€™ â€˜religious identity.â€™
Then, on top of all those â€˜macro-identitiesâ€™ to deal with, thereâ€™s countless â€˜micro-identitiesâ€™ to deal with. â€œIâ€™m a parent, a single parent, a child, a spouse. Iâ€™m divorced, a sibling, a grandparent, a student, a friend, a neighbor, an accountant, a construction worker, a housewife. Iâ€™m a funny person, a shy person, a smart person, an athlete.â€ â€œWho am I? Iâ€™m a successful person. Iâ€™m a failure.â€
Do you know who you are?
Itâ€™s not our job here today to try to sort out and answer all the questions about our identity that we may have. But what is our job today is to point to Jesus Christ and to say as clearly as we can – that it is only as we know â€˜WHO JESUS CHRISTâ€™ is, and that we are â€˜IN CHRIST,â€™ that we can know who GOD SAYS WE ARE. And it is only when we know who GOD SAYS WE ARE â€“ IN CHRIST â€“ that our IDENTITY CRISIS can ever be resolved.
Which brings us to our Epistle reading for today â€“ Paulâ€™s opening address to the Ephesians. I doubt there could be a more timely and important word from God for people suffering from a severe â€˜identity crisis.â€™
Letâ€™s all take out your bible and turn to Ephesians 1, page 976 in the pew bibles. Letâ€™s read this text together again, and as we do, I want you to pay attention to every time Paul repeats that little prepositional phrase, â€œin Christ,â€ or â€œin Him.â€ And I want you to say them louder just to emphasize them. (And keep in mind, this is all one sentence in the Greek, some 200 words!)
â€œ3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us IN CHRIST with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, 4 even as he chose us IN HIM before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love 5 he predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will, 6 to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in the Beloved. 7 IN HIM we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace, 8 which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight 9 making known to us the mystery of his will, according to his purpose, which he set forth IN CHRIST 10 as a plan for the fullness of time, to unite all things IN HIM, things in heaven and things on earth.â€
â€œ11 IN HIM we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will, 12 so that we who were the first to hope in Christ might be to the praise of his glory. 13 IN HIM you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed IN HIM, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, 14 who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory.â€
Either the Ephesians were having their own â€˜identity crisisâ€™ and Paul wants to show them who they are IN CHRIST, or heâ€™s praising them for knowing who they are IN CHRIST, and we could stand to learn a lot from their example.
Thereâ€™s way more than we can cover in this text, but I want to highlight six points about our identity IN CHRIST as Paul writes about them here.
I. Every Spiritual Blessing
â€œHe has blessed us IN CHRIST with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly placesâ€¦â€
Itâ€™s easy for us to get so wrapped up in the pursuit of all of the PHYSICAL BLESSINGS and to evaluate WHO WE ARE by how many PHYSICAL BLESSINGS we have or donâ€™t have but would like to have, that we fail to take stock of the SPIRITUAL BLESSINGS that we do have IN CHRIST, and fail to realize WHO WE ARE.
The Father has placed â€œevery spiritual blessingâ€ in His Son. These â€œspiritual blessings in the heavenly placesâ€ are all the things that Paul piles up, one on top of the other, in this run-on sentence and that provide the answer to the question, WHO AM I?
II. Chosen In Him.
â€œHe chose us IN HIM before the foundation of the world.â€
How much of who we THINK WE ARE is based on whether weâ€™re â€˜chosenâ€™ or â€˜rejectedâ€™? Tremendous weight is placed on being â€˜chosenâ€™ â€“ chosen by others to be a part of their â€˜group,â€™ chosen by someone to be their friend, their spouse, their teammate, their co-worker.
Yet the thing that determines my identity in a profoundly more important way that this – is that I have been chosen by God. â€œHe chose us in him before the foundation of the world.â€
God chose you, not because He saw something in you, some goodness, or even some potential for goodness that attracted Him to you or that impressed Him. God chose you before the foundation of the world, and solely because of His love and grace and mercy THAT ARE IN JESUS CHRIST â€“ and you are IN CHRIST.
In the Old Testament, ISRAELâ€™S IDENTITY was that they were the people whom God chose to be MY PEOPLE. They were the â€œchosen people.â€ Now, in the New Testament, we are the â€œchosen people.â€
Who are you? You are someone who has â€œevery spiritual blessingâ€ â€“ beginning with having been â€œchosen by God.â€ And that is primary. Whether or not you are chosen by others is secondary to WHO YOU ARE.
III. Holy and Blameless before Him.
Who are you? You are â€œholy and blameless before God.â€
How much of our identity do we base upon how much approval and acceptance we have before others? We strive to justify ourselves and gain approval from others â€“ which can never be satisfied â€“ and therefore weâ€™re never satisfied with who we are.
But the thing that determines my identity far more than the acceptance of others â€“ is Godâ€™s acceptance of me. And He has declared you to be â€œholy and blameless before him.â€ We look in the mirror and â€œholy and blameless before Him,â€ is certainly not who we see. â€œThatâ€™s NOT who I am,â€ we say.
But God sees us IN CHRIST â€“ who is â€˜holy and blameless before Him.â€ He says, â€˜donâ€™t believe your eyes â€“ the way you see yourself. And donâ€™t believe your ears â€“ the things that others say about you. Believe My Word â€“ you are IN MY SON. When I look at you, all I see is Him â€“ who is holy and blameless before Me.
Who are you? You are someone who has â€œevery spirit blessingâ€ â€“ you are â€œchosen by God,â€ you are â€œholy and blameless before Him.â€
IV. Predestined for adoption
â€œIn love, God has predestined us for adoption as sons (and daughters) through Jesus Christâ€¦â€
Because we donâ€™t know who we are IN CHRIST, weâ€™re restless people â€“ and our restlessness becomes a part of our identity.
Weâ€™re not sure what our future holds. And weâ€™re even less sure how to control the present in order to get the future we want to have. And so we work harder and harder to try to secure a secure future for ourselves. And then something happens. Something doesnâ€™t go as planned and the future is no longer what we had planned weâ€™re disappointed and sometimes broken. And suddenly we donâ€™t know WHO WE ARE.
But â€œin love, God has predestined us for adoption as sons (and daughters) through Jesus Christâ€¦â€ Just think about that. God already has your future all worked out in His Son, Jesus. Thatâ€™s what PREDESTINED means, and this is why PREDESTINATION is such a comforting doctrine. You have a DESTINY that already set by God â€“ in love – before you were conceived. Who are you? You are His child. He is your Father. You are a child of God.
Who are you? You are a person who has â€œevery spiritual blessing,â€ you are â€œchosen by God,â€ you are â€œholy and blameless before Him,â€ you are â€œpredestined for adoption.â€
V. â€œIn Him, we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespassesâ€¦â€
â€œIn Him, we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespassesâ€¦â€
Because we donâ€™t know who we are IN CHRIST, weâ€™re very tired people â€“ weâ€™re always tired and weary – if not physically then emotionally and spiritually. Many things can make us â€˜weary,â€™ but the one burden that we all carry that wears us out is GUILT – guilt for our sins and our failures to meet the expectations of God and our loved ones and friends and neighbors and co-workers. Guilt is a powerful factor in shaping our IDENTITY.
But, â€œIn Him, we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespassesâ€¦â€ Your God has spent the ultimate price to â€˜REDEEMâ€™ you. He has â€˜purchasedâ€™ you, not with gold or silver, but with the precious blood of Christ. There is a REDEMPTIVE RIVER OF FORGIVENESS that flows from the pierced side of your Savior. He has drunk the cup that was filled with your sins and your guilt to the dregs. And now, His cup overflows with redemption and forgiveness. And He says, â€˜take and drink, and you will find rest for your soul.â€™
Who are you? You are a person who has â€œevery spiritual blessing.â€ You are â€œchosen by God,â€ â€œholy and blameless before Him,â€ â€œpredestined for adoption,â€ â€œredeemed through His blood, forgiven all of your sins.â€
VI. â€œHe has made known to us the mystery of His willâ€¦
â€œHe has made known to us the mystery of His willâ€¦
Because we donâ€™t know who we are, we get so confused about why things happen the way that they do and why things donâ€™t happen the way that we think that they should. We so easily fall into the trap of trying to interpret Godâ€™s will for us in the things that happen or donâ€™t happen to us â€“ and this shapes our identity.
But, â€œHe has made known to us the mystery of His willâ€¦
As His children, our Father has let us in on the big mystery and shown us His plan for His purpose â€“ the purpose which he set forth in Christ, as a plan for the fullness of time, to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth.â€
Like little children, we may not FULLY understand how all of the parts and pieces of the mystery fit together. But this much we do know â€“ THEY DO â€“ and that His good and gracious will, will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. And so our identity is not shaped or determined by the â€˜chances and changesâ€™ of life â€“ but by the simple trust that God is working all things for good to those who love Him.
Who are you? You are a person who has â€œevery spiritual blessing.â€ You are â€œchosen by God,â€ â€œholy and blameless before Him,â€ â€œpredestined for adoption,â€ â€œredeemed through His blood, forgiven all of your sins,â€ who knows the mystery of Godâ€™s will.â€
I hope you get the idea from just this much which is not even the whole sentence, that our identity crisis has been solved IN CHRIST. Donâ€™t ever let it be said of you, â€˜he never knew who he was.â€™ You know who you are IN CHRIST. And that should have a profound effect upon who you are IN THIS WORLD.