St. Mary Magdalene – “The Captive Set Free” – 7/23/17 – John 20:1-18


Last Sunday we heard our Lord’s parable about the Sower who sowed seed in the hope that it would all take root and grow and produce an abundant harvest. Some did and some didn’t. On this ‘feast day’ of St. Mary Magdalene, we give thanks to the Sower for the rich harvest of saving faith that His seed/word produced in this humble and beautiful woman.

196975Between the four gospels, there’s enough written about Mary Magdalene for us to put together a rather complete sketch of this woman.

Let’s begin with her name. For the most part, the women that we meet in the Scriptures are typically identified by the name of their relationship to another person – typically a man. There’s “Mary – the mother of Jesus,” and “Mary the wife of Clopas,” “Joanna, the wife of Chuza,” and “Mary the sister of Martha” and certainly after the resurrection, “Mary the sister of Lazarus.”

But “MARY MAGDALENE is NOT known by her relationship to another person, only by her hometown – ‘Magdala’ – which probably means that there was no husband or brother or sister or certainly child in her life. And maybe the reason for that has to do with THE CONDITION OF HER LIFE before Jesus.

In the 8th chapter of his gospel, Luke tells us that “[Jesus] went on through the cities and villages, proclaiming and bringing the good news of the kingdom of God. And the twelve were with him, and also some women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities… And then from all of these women, Luke singles out one in particular – Mary, called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out.” (Lk. 8:1-2)

SO, WHAT DOES IT MEAN THAT JESUS CAST OUT SEVEN DEMONS FROM MARY? These days, we’re not too sure what to make of this whole business of ‘demons’ and ‘demon possession.’ So, it might be helpful to think of it like this. Without denying the existence of ‘demons’ and ‘demon possession,’ I think we can also say that with the help of modern science, we may understand some of the things differently than people used to. For instance, some of the ways that the bible describe the way that ‘demon-possessed’ people behaved, looks an awful lot like what we might today attribute to ‘seizures’ due to ‘neurological’ or ‘chemical’ disorders.

What’s true NO MATTER HOW YOU DEFINE IT is the fact that the person who suffers from these things is like a ‘CAPTIVE’ who is unable to escape. They neither choose to act like this, nor can they simply ‘SNAP OUT OF IT.’ Mary was a CAPTIVE to these terrible forces. They CONTROLLED her.

When Luke says that MARY had ‘SEVEN DEMONS,’ he may be using the bible number for completeness in order to say that Mary was ‘COMPLETELY’ under the control of these forces such that there may hardly have been any relief.

Anyone who had known her before these “SEVEN DEMONS” would have said something like, ‘THIS ISN’T THE REAL MARY’ – like we might say of someone with advanced Alzheimer’s disease – “this is not who she really is.” THE REAL MARY was lost in the confusion and chaos of forces that held her captive.

But then this man named Jesus set her free. We’re not told how. In his 4th chapter, Luke tells us that after Jesus healed Peter’s mother-in-law of her fever, a great line of people gathered outside the house. “All those who had any who were sick with various diseases brought them to him and he laid his hands on every one of them and healed them. AND DEMONS ALSO CAME OUT OF MANY, CRYING, ‘You are the son of God!’” (Luke 4:40-41).

This took place in the village of Capernaum, which is very close by the little village of Magdala. Maybe Mary was one of them.

In any case, by His command or the touch of his hand, HE SHATTERED HER DARKNESS. He unloosed the chains that bound her and the prison door flew open and she walked out HERSELF AGAIN. HE GAVE MARY BACK TO HERSELF and to her family and friends.

The prophet Isaiah foretold that when the Messiah came, He would “open the eyes of the blind and bring out the prisoners from the dungeon, those who sit in darkness.” (Is. 42:7) Mary of Magdala was one of those prisoners.

So, what must that have been like for Mary? It’s hard to say but I don’t think we can go too wrong by saying that it must have been like being ‘born again.’

And however you might imagine it for Mary, I think it’s the way that we should think about what happens in holy baptism. We were all captive to sin and death and the devil and we could not free ourselves. None of us were OURSELVES – the people whom God created us in His image to be. But then, with the Water and His Word – Jesus set us free. He gave us back to ourselves again. We know who we are now – children of God.

The Introit appointed for the feast of St. Mary Magdalene (which we didn’t get to use this morning) consists of the first three verses of Psalm 30. Listen to them as though there came from Mary’s mouth:

“I will extol you, O LORD, for you have drawn me up and have not let my foes rejoice over me.
O LORD my God, I cried to you for help, and you have healed me.
O LORD, you have brought up my soul from Sheol; you restored me to life from among those who go down to the pit.” They could also be our own prayer of thanks for what Jesus has done for us in our baptism.

Instead of returning to Magdala, Mary follows Jesus and becomes one of His most loyal supporters. As she followed her Lord, she would have seen Him set free countless others from their demons. Everywhere she goes she sees the darkness being shattered by the Light of the World. She sees those who were ‘lost’ – ‘lost to themselves and to others,’ – found and returned both to themselves and to others.

Truly, the “strong man” was breaking into Satan’s house and throwing him out. Truly, the kingdom of Heaven was ‘at hand.’

There is no other direct reference to Mary Magdalene until we come to the cross of Christ. AND THERE SHE IS. John writes, “Standing by the cross of Jesus was his mother, and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and MARY MAGDALENE.” (John 19:25)

Now we want to ask ourselves another question. What must this have been like for Mary? What was she thinking? What was going through her mind when, as Mark records, “when the 6th hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour”? (Mark 15:33).

The One who had set her free from her darkness and captivity was now engulfed in darkness and unable to escape His captivity. Had the darkness overcome the light after all?

There are two things that we want to notice here.

FIRST, Mary does not return to the captivity that she was held by before Jesus released her. We don’t see Mary ‘loosing herself’ again in the face of such confusion and chaos and darkness.

SECOND, what we do see is that Mary simply remains at the cross. She remains right there through the three hours of darkness AND the earthquake that immediately followed His death.

What is it that keeps her there? What else could it be but HER DEVOTION to Jesus. He had entered into her darkness and delivered her from it. Now, she was entering into His darkness. And even though she had no power to deliver Him from it, she could sit with Him. In her total hopelessness and despair, all she could do was to stay with Jesus. And that is what she did.

Maybe we have had children or parents or friends who have been sick or friends and loved ones engulfed in grief and there was nothing we could do to deliver them from their darkness. All we could do was to sit with them in their helplessness and hopelessness.

AT THE END OF THE DAY, when Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus came to take the body of Jesus down from the cross and place it in the tomb, Mary Magdalene is right there. Mark writes, “Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses saw where he was laid.” (Mark 15:47)

As soon as the Sabbath day was officially over, it was Mary Magdalene who was the first to return to the tomb. John writes, “Now, on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb.”

What insult on top of injury this must have been for her. Now she doesn’t even have a body to remain and sit with. Without even looking inside, she runs off to tell the disciples of the terrible news. Peter and John race to the tomb and confirm her worst suspicions – the body of Jesus they did not see.

But Mary has run along right behind them. And once again, after the disciples leave, she remains. John writes, “But Mary stood WEEPING outside the tomb…”

After a while, she summons the courage to actually look inside herself. “And she saw two angels in white sitting where the body of Jesus had lain, one at the head and one at the feet. They said to her, ‘woman, why are you weeping?’ She said to them, ‘They have taken away MY LORD, and I do not know where they have laid him.”

SHE DID NOT KNOW WHAT WE KNOW. She did not know that HER LORD had entered into the darkness and captivity of our sin in order to shatter it and set all the captives free – ONCE, FOR ALL. She didn’t know that what HER LORD had done for her He came to do for ALL PEOPLE so that all men and women may know who they really are – children of God – and may, with Mary, call Him “MY LORD.”

Because it’s not a matter of Jesus calling us to come out of the darkness and set ourselves free. WE ARE ‘PRISONERS.’ He must come into the darkness and ‘release us’ from its grip and SET US FREE.

This is the great mystery of the Christian faith – God did not overcome the darkness by waving a magic wand or speaking into the darkness as He did at the CREATION of the world. He sent His Son to enter into it. The Son of God became as engulfed by the darkness and captivity of the devil as Mary was and as we all were.

BUT MARY KNOWS NONE OF THIS AS YET. All she wants to do is be with HER LORD in His darkness which is also now hers.

In her patient waiting, she hears something behind her. She turns to see who it might be. The man who, strangely, she doesn’t recognize says, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?”

We can only imagine that as she tells her story to John who records for us, John must have been asking her, ‘so, who did you think it was?’ To which she replied, “I thought it was the gardener.” And I said to him, ‘Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have laid him, and I WILL TAKE HIM AWAY.”

And the stranger replied, “‘Mary.’”

“The shepherd calls His sheep by name, and they know the sound of His voice.” (John 10:3)

“Mary turned and said to him in Aramaic, ‘Rabbonni!” Which means MY TEACHER.

And suddenly, the darkness was shattered – once, for all. The risen Son turned her tears into rainbows. And once again, Jesus gave Mary back to herself – and to His Father in heaven – never to be lost again.

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